*** Translation, Tradducion, Ubersetzung , Chinese ***
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Tragedy Of Chinese Revolution Terror Wars China: Caste Society Anti-Rightists Cultural Revolution 6-4 Massacre Land Enclosure FaLunGong  

*** Translation, Tradducion, Ubersetzung , Chinese ***
Videos about China's Resistance War: The Battle of Shanghai & Nanking; Bombing of Chungking; The Burma Road (in English)
Videos about China's Resistance War: China's Dunkirk Retreat (in English); 42 Video Series (in Chinese)
Nanchang Mutiny; Canton Commune; Korean/Chinese Communists & the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria; Communist-instigated Fujian Chinese Republic
Communist-instigated Marco Polo Bridge Incident
The Enemy From Within; Huangqiao Battle; N4C Incident
The 1945-1949 Civil War
Liao-Shen, Xu-Beng, Ping-Jin Yangtze Campaigns
Siege of Taiyuan - w/1000+ Soviet Artillery Pieces (Video)
The Korean War The Vietnam War

*** Related Readings ***:
The Amerasia Case & Cover-up By the U.S. Government
The Legend of Mark Gayn
The Reality of Red Subversion: The Recent Confirmation of Soviet Espionage in America
Notes on Owen Lattimore
Lauchlin Currie / Biography
Nathan Silvermaster Group of 28 American communists in 6 Federal agencies
Solomon Adler the Russian mole "Sachs" & Chi-com's henchman; Frank Coe; Ales
Mme. Chiang Kai-shek's Role in the War (Video)
Japanese Ichigo Campaign & Stilwell Incident
Lend-Lease; Yalta Betrayal: At China's Expense
Acheson 2 Billion Crap; Cover-up Of Birch Murder
Marshall's Dupe Mission To China, & Arms Embargo
Chiang Kai-shek's Money Trail
The Wuhan Gang, including Joseph Stilwell, Agnes Smedley, Evans Carlson, Frank Dorn, Jack Belden, S.T. Steele, John Davies, David Barrett and more, were the core of the Americans who were to influence the American decision-making on behalf of the Chinese communists. 
It was not something that could be easily explained by Hurley's accusation in late 1945 that American government had been hijacked by 
i) the imperialists (i.e., the British colonialists whom Roosevelt always suspected to have hijacked the U.S. State Department)  
and ii) the communists.  At play was not a single-thread Russian or Comintern conspiracy against the Republic of China but an additional channel 
that was delicately knit by the sophisticated Chinese communist saboteurs to employ the above-mentioned Americans for their cause The Wuhan Gang & The Chungking Gang, i.e., the offsprings of the American missionaries, diplomats, military officers, 'revolutionaries' & Red Saboteurs and the "Old China Hands" of the 1920s and the herald-runners of the Dixie Mission of the 1940s.
Wang Bingnan's German wife, Anneliese Martens, physically won over the hearts of the Americans by providing the wartime 'bachelors' with special one-on-one service per Zeng Xubai's writings.  Though, Anna Wang [Anneliese Martens], in her memoirs, expressed jealousy over Gong Peng by stating that the Anglo-American reporters had flattered the Chinese communists and the communist movement as a result of being entranced with the goldfish-eye'ed personal assistant of Zhou Enlai
Stephen R. Mackinnon & John Fairbank invariably failed to separate fondness for the Chinese communist revolution from fondness for Gong Peng, the communist fetish who worked together with Anneliese Martens to infatuate the American wartime reporters. (More, refer to the Communist Platonic Club at wartime capital Chungking and The American Involvement in China: the Soviet Operation Snow, the IPR Conspiracy, the Dixie Mission, the Stilwell Incident, the OSS Scheme, the Coalition Government Crap, the Amerasia Case, & the China White Paper.)
Antiquity The Prehistory
Fiery Lord
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Xia Dynasty 1978-1959 BC 1
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R.O.C. 1912-1949
R.O.C. Taiwan 1949-present
P.R.C. 1949-present



Republicanchina.org Updates

Manchu New Army and Manchu New Administration - 1899-1911 (Modified : Wed 03/28/07 00:58:40)
Second Revolution - 1913 (Modified : Wed 03/28/07 00:58:22)
WWI & Japan's Twenty-one Demands - 1914-1915 (Modified : Wed 03/28/07 00:58:35)
Reinstatement of 'Interim Agreed-upon Laws' - 1916 (Modified : Wed 03/28/07 00:58:25)
Guangdong-Guangxi_War & Sun Yat-sen's Return To Canton - 1920 (Modified : Wed 03/28/07 00:58:17)
Chen Jiongming Rebellion Against Sun Yat-sen - 1922 (Modified : Mon 03/26/07 02:59:01)
Anti-Imperialist-Movements - 1922-1927 (Modified : Tue 03/27/07 01:44:35)
Russians & Sun Yat-sen 1918-1923 (Modified : [an error occurred while processing this directive])
USSR / Comintern Alliance With KMT & CCP (Modified : Sat 03/31/12 04:10:20)
KMT First National Congress - 1924 (Modified : Fri 03/30/07 20:31:36)
Whampoa Military Academy - 1924 (Modified : Fri 03/30/07 20:31:15)
Sun Yat-sen's Northern Trip - 1924-1925 (Modified : Tue 03/27/07 01:45:08)
Tang Jiyao's Downfall From Power - 1925 (Modified : Fri 03/30/07 15:21:23)
University for Toilers of the East - 1925 (Modified : Sun 01/13/13 02:35:10)
Succession of Wang Jingwei & Assassination of Liao Zhongkai - 1925 (Modified : Tue 03/27/07 01:44:12)
Zhongshan Warship Incident - 1926 (Modified : Mon 03/26/07 02:59:03)
Northern Expedition - 1928 (Modified : Thu 03/29/07 00:28:31)
Nanchang Mutiny -1927 (Modified : Wed 05/10/06 12:01:49)
Battle Of Xuzhou - 1927 (Modified : Tue 05/09/06 01:50:40)
Battle Of Longtan - 1927 (Modified : Tue 05/09/06 01:50:39)
Canton Commune -1927 (Modified : Wed 05/10/06 12:01:51)
2nd Northern Campaign - 1928 (Modified : Tue 05/09/06 01:50:38)
Anti-Bolshevik League Purge - 1929-1930 (Modified : Thu 03/29/07 00:42:37)
Purge of Socialist Democratic Party - 1931 (Modified : Wed 05/10/06 12:01:48)
The Murder of Gu Shunzhang Family - 1931 (Modified : Fri 03/21/08 01:03:50)
KOREAN COMMUNISTS & THE JAPANESE INVASION OF MANCHURIA - 1930-1931 (Modified : Sat 03/31/12 04:14:16)
The Japanese Invasion of Manchuria - 1931 (Modified : Sat 03/31/12 19:29:38)
First Shanghai Provocation By Japanese - 1932 (Modified : Mon 06/18/07 10:47:05)
The Air Battle over Shanghai-Suzhou-Hangzhou & Western Power Intervention - 1932 (Modified : Tue 12/27/11 22:27:06)
Battles of Miaohang, Qianjingying & Loutang - 1932 (Modified : Tue 12/27/11 23:01:21)
ErYuWan Soviet - 1932 (Modified : Tue 05/09/06 01:50:37)
Invasion of Jehol & Battles of the Great Wall - 1933 (Modified : Sun 05/06/07 14:27:56)
Ho-Umezu-Agreement - 1933 (Modified : Sat 11/04/06 20:26:46)
Chinese Communists & Feng Yuxiang’s Chahar Allied Army - 1933 (Modified : Tue 10/23/07 01:06:37)
Chinese Communists & Feng Yuxiang’s Chahar Allied Army - 1933: The Final Demise (Modified : Mon 10/10/11 14:14:51)
Chinese Republic In Fujian Province - 1933 (Modified : Mon 08/04/08 02:22:40)
Battle Of Baizhangguan Pass - 1935 (Modified : Tue 05/09/06 01:50:36)
Communist Ningxia-Yinchuan Campaign - 1935 (Modified : Tue 05/09/06 01:50:35)
Communist Instigation in Southwest_China - 1936 (Modified : Thu 03/29/07 00:28:19)
Changing Alliances In International Arena - 1930s (Modified : Sun 04/22/07 15:10:57)
On the Eve of Japanese Invasion - 1936 (Modified : Sun 04/22/07 15:10:59)
Xian Coup - 1936 (Modified : Wed 05/10/06 12:01:45)
Marco Polo Bridge Incident - 1937 (Modified : Sun 08/26/12 17:43:23)
Battles-of-Peking-Tientsin - 1937 (Modified : Sun 04/08/07 18:28:29)
Second Japanese Provocation In Shanghai - 1937 (Modified : Sun 04/08/07 19:28:33)
Battle Of Shanghai - a - 1937 (Modified : Thu 11/23/06 20:52:10)
Battle Of Shanghai - b - 1937 (Modified : Mon 12/04/06 01:18:50)
Battle Of Shanghai - c - 1937 (Modified : Mon 12/04/06 01:18:51)
Pingxingguan Battle & Pingxingguan Campaign - 1937 (Modified : Sun 04/08/07 18:28:20)
DEFENSE BATTLE AT NANKING - 1937 (Modified : Mon 01/29/07 00:39:05)
Wang Ming's Return From Moscow - 1937 (Modified : Wed 05/10/06 12:01:46)
Battle Of Mingguang & Bengbu - 1938 (Modified : Sun 04/22/07 15:10:54)
Battle of Taierzhuang & Xuzhou Campaign - 1938 (Modified : Wed 02/14/07 01:21:45)
Evacuation From Xuzhou - 1938 (Modified : Sun 04/22/07 15:10:52)
Japanese Yangtze Campaign - 1938 (Modified : Sun 11/25/07 04:02:03)
First Changsha Campaign - 1939 (Modified : Sun 05/06/07 14:28:58)
Campaign Of Gui-nan & Battles At Kunlunguan Pass - 1939-1940 (Modified : Sun 05/06/07 19:27:11)
Puppet Nanking Government & Japanese Foreign Exchange Manipulation - 1940 (Modified : Sun 04/22/07 15:10:50)
Campaign Of Zaoyang-Yichang - 1940 (Modified : Sat 05/12/07 18:25:41)
Wan-nan Incident - 1941 (Modified : Wed 01/02/08 01:30:37)
Jin-nan Campaign & Battle Of Mt Zhongtiaoshan - 1941 (Modified : Sat 05/12/07 18:25:39)
First Burma Expedition - 1942 (Modified : Sun 05/14/06 19:25:53)
American Relationship with Chinese Communists - 1944 (Modified : Mon 02/25/13 22:00:00)
CCP Attacks on Government Troops - 1945 (Modified : Thu 05/11/06 01:16:34)
Race-for-Manchuria - 1945 (Modified : Tue 05/16/06 02:45:20)
Russians Pillaging Manchuria - 1945-1946 (Modified : Thu 05/11/06 01:16:31)
George Marshall's Dupe Mission To China - 1946 (Modified : Thu 05/11/06 01:16:33)
Xu-Beng Campaign - 1948 (Modified : Sat 05/05/07 17:13:41)
Ping-Jin Campaign - 1948-1949 (Modified : Fri 05/12/06 11:47:47)
Yangtze Campaign - 1949 (Modified : Fri 05/12/06 11:47:41)


Wu [no] Wang [forgetting] Zai [at] Ju [the Ju fort]

* In Commemoration of China's Fall under the Alien Conquests in A.D. 1279, A.D. 1644 & A.D. 1949 *
At the time [when China fell under the alien rule],
Korean/Chinese Communists & the 1931 Japanese Invasion of Manchuria
* Stay tuned for "Republican China 1911-1955: A Complete Untold History" *
The communists had conquered China owning to the key battle success in Manchuria, which was the result of treacheries on the part of Wei Lihuang, i.e., the government troops' commander-in-chief in Manchuria, a treachery that was comparable to Soong Dynasty prime minister Jia Sidao's abandoning to the Mongol the Xiangyang city [which was under sieges for 4-5 years] and Ming Dynasty general Wu Sangui's betrayal of the Mountain and Sea Pass to the Manchus.
Wei Lihuang, with the communist mole by his side from the days of the resistance war, overwrote General Wang Tiehan's proposal and made the government army into the sitting ducks in the isolated pockets and cities of Manchuria, for the communist army to attack. Namely, Wei Lihuang allowed the communist army to take the transcendental secret manoeuvre to ship thousands of artillery to the foot of the Jinzhou city wall under the assistance of the Soviet railway army corps. General Wang Tiehan suggested that the Changchun garrison troops could break out towards Mukden to the south as intelligence had shown that the communist army had disappeared along the trunk line of Changchun-Jirin-Mukden. Only the 52nd Corps, and one Youth Army division, that were hoodwinked by Wei Lihuang into attacking towards Shenyang [i.e., Mukden] as the relief troops but were impeded by the communist army halfway for lack of coordination between Wei Lihuang and the communist army, managed to return to the Yingkou port to escape the Manchurian battleground via sea.
We don't need to remind the readers that the communist army was a motley group of mercenaries including about 250,000 North Koreans per Kim Il-sun plus the Outer Mongolian cavalry army, not counting the Soviet railway army corps.


China's Dunkirk Retreat: From the Battle of Nanking to Continuing Resistance to the West (in English)

Documentary videos about China's Resistance War: 42 Video Series in Chinese
To view the real media videos, please use either Real Player or VLC Media Player or choose the youtube streaming linked by [1a; 1b; 1c, for example] (42 Videos in Chinese ranging from 30MB to 50 MB each; plug-in download might be needed)


The Nanking Massacre through the Oral Recitals of the Japanese Army Soldiers and Officers (in Japanese):

The Japanese who participated in the Nanking Massacre acknowledged that the 7th Rentai (reinforced regiment) alone killed 6,670 Chinese during the 12-day sweep campaign in Nanking.
Documentary videos about China's Resistance War: 42 Video Series in Chinese
To view the real media videos, please use either Real Player or VLC Media Player or choose the youtube streaming linked by [1a; 1b; 1c, for example] (42 Videos in Chinese ranging from 30MB to 50 MB each; plug-in download might be needed)

Webmaster: Ah Xiang

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This website expresses the personal opinions of the author. In addition to author's comments, extensive citations and quotes of ancient Chinese classics (available at http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/ftmsw3) were presented via transcribing and paraphrasing Classical Chinese language into the English language. Whenever possible, links and URLs are provided to give credit and reference to ideas borrowed elsewhere. This website may be used or reproduced in any form or by any means, with or without prior written permission, on the pre-condition that acknowledgment or reciprocal link is expressively provided. All rights reserved.
WARNING: Some of the pictures, charts and graphs posted on this website came from copyrighted materials. Any citation or usage in print format or for financial gain could be subject to fine, penalties or sanctions without the original owner's consent.

This is an internet version of this webmaster's writings on "Imperial China" (2004 version assembled by http://www.third-millennium-library.com/index.html), "Republican China", and "Communist China". There is no set deadline as to the date of completion for "Communist China" (Someone had saved a copy of this webmaster's writing on the June 4th [1989] Massacre at http://www.scribd.com/doc/2538142/June-4th-Tiananmen-Massacre-in-Beijing-China). The work on "Imperial China", which was originally planned for after "Republican China", is now being pulled forward, with continuous updates posted to Pre-History, Xia, Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Han dynasties, offering the readers a tour of ancient China transcending space and time. A comprehensive version covering the 3000 years of ancient Chinese history, from 3000 B.C. down, with 3-5 times more materials than shown on this website and including 95% of the records in the spring & autumn annals ZUO ZHUAN, is expected to be made available on the Amazon website soon. The unforgotten emphasis on "Republican China", which was being re-outlined to be inclusive of the years of 1911 to 1955 and divided into volumes covering the periods of pre-1911 to 1919, 1919 to 1928, 1929 to 1937, 1937 to 1945, and 1945-1955, will continue. This webmaster plans to make part of the contents of "Republican China 1929-1937, A Complete Untold History" into publication soon. The original plan for completion was delayed as a result of broadening of the timeline to be inclusive of the years of 1911-1955. Due to constraints, only the most important time periods would be reorganized into some kind of publishable format, such as the 1939-1940, 1944-1945, and 1945-1950 Chinese civil wars, with special highlight on Km Il-sun's supplying 250,000 North Korean mercenaries to fighting the Chinese civil war, with about 60,000-70,000 survivors repatriated to North Korea for the 1950 Korea War, for example --something to remind the readers how North Korea developed to threaten the world with a nuclear winter today. For up-to-date updates, check the RepublicanChina-pdf.htm page. The objectives of this webmaster's writings would be i) to re-ignite the patriotic passion of the ethnic Chinese overseas; ii) to rectify the modern Chinese history to its original truth; and iii) to expound the Chinese tradition, humanity, culture and legacy to the world community. Significance of the historical work on this website could probably be made into a parallel to the cognizance of the Chinese revolutionary forerunners of the 1890s: After 250 years of the Manchu forgery and repression, the revolutionaries in the late 19th century re-discovered the Manchu slaughters and literary inquisition against the ethnic-Han Chinese via books like "Three Rounds Of Slaughter At Jiading In 1645", "Ten Day Massacre At Yangzhou" and Jiang Lianqi's "Dong Hua Lu" [i.e., "The Lineage Extermination Against Luu Liuliang's Family"]. This webmaster intends to make the contents of this website into the Prometheus fire, lightening up the fuzzy part of China's history. It is this webmaster's hope that some future generation of the Chinese patriots, including the to-be-awoken sons and grandsons of arch-thief Chinese Communist rulers [who had sought material pursuits in the West], after reflecting on the history of China, would return to China to do something for the good of the country. This webmaster's question for the sons of China: Are you to wear the communist pigtails for 267 years?

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ECON 101: US Interest Rate Down = China Exchange Rate Up !

Beliefs Are Tested in Saga Of Sacrifice and Betrayal

REAL STORY: A Study Group Is Crushed in China's Grip
Beliefs Are Tested in Saga Of Sacrifice and Betrayal
Chinese ver

China The Beautiful

Huanghuagang Magazine

Republican China in Blog Format
Republican China in Blog Format
Li Hongzhang's poem after signing the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki:
In Commemoration of China's Fall under the Alien Conquests in A.D. 1279, A.D. 1644 & A.D. 1949
At the time [when China fell under the alien rule],